永利集团304登录2018年5月四级试卷深入分析,二〇

作者:首页

  二〇一八年上7个月全国民代表大会学罗马尼亚语四六级考试于10月一日开展,果壳网指点24钟头全程关心,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为土耳其语四级深入分析:

  二〇一八年上7个月全国民代表大会学拉脱维亚语四六级考试于1月18日进行,微博教育24小时全程关心,为你带来第一手四六级考试资源音信。以下为乌Crane语四级翻译答案及分析:

  Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

  [真题]

  全体评述:

  公共交通车曾是中华夏族外出的重大交通工具。近来,由于私家车数量不断充实,城市交通难题尤其严重。相当多都会为了鼓励更五个人乘公交车出游,一向在卖力革新公共交通车的劳务质量。车辆的装置不断更新,车速也是有了确定巩固。可是,公共交通车的票价却照旧十一分实惠。以往,在当先八分之四都市,大多地面古稀之年市民都足以无需付费乘坐公共交通车。

  二零一六年的编写标题总体较为简单,试题沿袭二零一七年3月考的开放式题型,题意驾驭上尚未设置障碍,直接在题干中冒出了大旨词,一套为阅读的严重性,一套为语言表明本事,一套为写作技巧。这个话题都以和博士通常生存读书相关的话题,所以很轻易散开思路。三篇作文调查学生对正面现象/话题的剖判工夫。其实这一次的试题在近十年的编写考题中是有迹可循的,贰零壹壹年十二月考的摄影作文第二套就调查到了阅读文化艺术的首要。其余,有了二零一七年7月刚考过的试题基础,商议措施的话术考生也不面生,总的来讲,本次写作难度一点都不大,第一段点出宗旨,表明宗旨词的机要,第二段解析原因,为何重要,第三段写建议措施,如何作育那么些技巧,根据总分总的三段式张开就可以。

  [译文]

  第一套

  The public bus was a major means of transportation for Chinese people。 In recent years, the urban transportation problems have become more serious due to the increasing number of the private cars。 In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have made efforts to improve the service quality of the bus。 The vehicle facilities have been constantly updated and the vehicle speed has been greatly improved。 However, the ticket price of the bus is still rather cheap。 Nowadays, many local elderly citizens can take bus for free in most cities。

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of reading ability and how to develop it。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。

  [解析]

  College life opens a new chapter for students。 As we enter the new stage, it is impossible for us to ignore some basic abilities needed in college。 Reading ability, from where I stand, is the most significant one among them。

  (1) 公共交通车曾是(中夏族民共和国人骑行的)首要交通工具。

  Why, you may wonder, should we attach great importance to reading ability? For one thing, in order to make outstanding achievements in the field of our study, students have to read hosts of books, papers and documents related to professional knowledge。 For this reason, extensive and efficient reading becomes particularly important。 For another, reading broadens our horizon and enriches our campus life, which will exert profound influence on our future。 Therefore, we, especially youngsters, cannot emphasize reading ability too much。

  分析:出现“曾”字标记该句应该用经常过去时态;“交通工具” meastransportation vehicle;“骑行”,译文“travel”更为合适,当然译为“go out”也是对的。

  Since reading ability plays a pivotal role in our daily life, it is high time that colleges should provide students with relative courses to enhance their reading skills。 Meanwhile, it is imperative that we actively pay frequent visit to the libraries or bookstores to cultivate our reading competence。 As Francis Bacon once said, reading makes a full man。 Only through reading can we acquire more knowledge and live up to the precious time of youth。

  参照他事他说加以考察答案:The public bus was a major means of transportation for Chinese people。

  PartⅡ Listening Comprehension (25 minutes)

  (2)[近年来],[是因为私家车数量持续充实],城市交通难题愈加严重。

  那样的听力分析还不及不分析,都以些零散的消息点

  解析: “近年来” over / in the recent years;“私家车” private car;“问题”译为“issue”和“problem”都可;“严重”serious;“越来越”more and more。

  解析

  参照他事他说加以考察答案:In recent years, the urban transportation problems have become more serious due to the increasing number of the private cars。

  News Report1: 漂流瓶被开掘并送还

  (3)非常多都会[为了激励越来越多人乘公共交通车骑行],平素在拼命改正(公共交通车的)服务品质。

  Q1:音信首要内容;

  剖判:“一向”表明用后天做到时态;“为了”表指标,用“in order to”;“激励” encourage sb。 to do;“努力” 译为“try to do 恐怕 “make efforts to do”都可;“改正” improve;“服务质量” service quality。

  Q2:为何给reward?信守承诺

  参考答案:In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have made efforts to improve the service quality of the bus。

  News Report2:蜜蜂死了

  (4)车辆的配备不断更新,车速也会有了引人注目增加。

  Q3:spring operation的来头?寨卡病毒

  深入分析:两句调查被动句的翻译。“车辆配备”被“更新”;“车速”被“提升”;“车辆设备” vehicle facilities;“车速”vehicle speed; “显明” greatly / significantly;“不断” constantly两句都用未来成功时时态。

  Q4:关于Flower Town Bee Farm说了什么样?被毁,损失巨大(2.5M bees)

  参考答案:The vehicle facilities have been constantly updated and the vehicle speed has been greatly improved。

  News Report3: 世界最大的飞行器首次航行

  (5)不过,公共交通车的票价却照样至相当的低价。

  Q5:关于率先次飞行?大约2小时,卡灵顿起飞,中度3000feet,一雨后玉兰片gentle turns

  解析:“票价” the ticket price;“相当” rather / very。

  Q6:为啥US government不用飞机做spy?预算砍了

  参照他事他说加以考察答案:However, the ticket price of the bus is still rather cheap。

  Q7:优势over huge jet planes?可以装heavier loads

  (6)未来,在大部城市,好些个当地古稀之年市民都能够无偿乘坐公共交通车。

  Long Conversation1:

  分析:“乘坐公共交通车” take bus;“本地市民”the local citizens。

  出门运动:1。看电影,天气变化的影片,女的不爱好;2。西班牙(Reino de España)dance,时间来不比;3.comedy 斟酌家以为赏心悦目/4。最终决定前日去看dance

  参谋答案:Nowadays, many local elderly citizens can take bus for free in most cities。

  Q8:女的关于climate change什么观念

  [真题]

  Q9:为啥不去西班牙王国dance

  过去,乘飞机骑行对非常多华夏人来说是无缘无故的。近来趁着经济的进步和生活档期的顺序的滋长,越来越多的中华夏族民共和国人包罗不少村民和外出务工职员都能乘飞机骑行。他们能够乘飞机达到全数大城市,还会有多数都会也在筹建飞机场。航空服务不断创新,而且平常会有特价机票。近来,节日假期日里面选用乘飞机飞往巡游的人连连加码。

  Q10:商酌家认为comedy怎样

  [译文]

  Q11:明日干嘛

  In the past, it was unimaginable for most Chinese people to travel by air。 Nowadays, with the economic development and the improvement of living standard, an increasing number of Chinese including many farmers and migrant workers can take plane to travel。 They can fly to all big cities。 Besides, many cities are preparing to build airports。 The air service is constantly improved and the special air-tickets are often offered。 In recent years, the number of people choosing to travel by air has constantly increased during holidays。

  Long Conversation2:

  [解析]

  女孩子对此转学焦心,因为比别的人年轻,课后活动能革新,说能够帮助他,室友:四个人,个中壹位是新来的

  (1)过去,乘飞机出游[对超越六分一中华夏族来讲]是神乎其神的。

  Q12:为何心焦

  分析:本句考察动名词做主语,能够用动名词作者主语,也足以用“it”做花样主语;难题在“不敢相信 无法相信”的翻译上,能够译为“unimaginable,也足以翻译为“can not be imaged”。

  Q13:慰勉女子做什么样

  参谋答案:In the past, it was unimaginable for most Chinese people to travel by air。

  Q14:男人承诺会做怎么样

  (2)[现今趁着经济的迈入和生活品位的提升],越来越多的炎黄人(包涵过多老乡和外出务工人士)都能乘飞机出行。

  Q15:室友Bree如何

  解析:“随着”译为“with”介词短语;“农民” farmers;“外出务工职员”migrant workers。

  Passage1:

  参照他事他说加以考察答案:Nowadays, with the economic development and the improvement of living standard, an increasing number of Chinese including many farmers and migrant workers can take plane to travel。

  Hunger的动力,远超恐惧,口渴,社交需求;mice的推行饥饿比渴哪个影响大;饿的时候会去危急的地点,吃饱了就呆笼子里;饿的时候离开同伙去找吃的;

  (3)他们得以乘飞机达到全数大城市,还应该有好多都市也在筹建飞机场。

  Q16:mice实验目标

  分析:后一句“也在”评释应翻译为正值进展时态,“筹建”一词的翻译是难关, “筹建”即“打算建造”,能够译为“be prepare to build ”;“飞机场” airport。

  Q17:什么情状会让mice去不安全的地点

  参谋答案:They can arrive in all the big cities by plane。 Besides, many cities are preparing to build airports。

  Q18:最终关于mice说了何等

  (4)航空服务不断革新,并且平日会有特价机票。

  Passage2:

  解析:两句侦察被动句的翻译。“航空服务”被“立异”;“航空服务” air service;后一句的“有”译为“there be”句型恐怕也足以精通为“特价机票日常被提供”;“特价机票” special air-ticket。

  美利坚合众国的highway system,one of the best in the world,early一九二零s;national defence,move troops;一九四五国会通过升级提案但没给钱;壹玖肆捌s始发建;要丰裕高能让trailer辅导飞弹通过;1971多数完毕

  仿效答案:The air service is constantly improved and the special air-tickets are often offered。

  Q19:作者说highway system如何

  (5)近年来,[节日假期日里边](选拔乘飞机飞往巡游的)人穿梭充实。

  Q20:建highway system最早目标是怎样

  深入分析:“近日” in recent years,表明句子应该用以往做到时态;“节日假期日时期” during holidays;本句考查定语的翻译,“人”与“选用”是前仆后继关系,选用用以往分词情势放在“人”的末尾做修饰。

  Q21:什么日期做到的

  参照他事他说加以考察答案:In recent years, the number of people choosing to travel by air has constantly increased during holidays。

  Passage3:

  来源:新东方

  开车发短信,U.S.A.立小学伙,major cause of death;smart wheel;检查是或不是始终单臂握方向盘,有动静和灯提醒双手未握方向盘,苏醒后结束;应用软件家长能够掌握孩子的发车情形

  小编:新竹新东方杨梦迪先生

  Q22:年轻人road death 的要紧缘由

  Q23:什么是smart wheel

  Q24:假若开车者只用一头手握方向盘会怎么样

  Q25:家长怎么track孩子的开车情形

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  全部评述:

  2018年一月的四级考试中,就阅读那一个单项,难度与往年为主持平。就选词填空这一片段来讲,与我们在课上所教学的解题手艺相平等。第一步将精选依据词性分类,第一套题今年名词7个,动词5个,形容词2个,副词1个。由此将单词分类之后,我们异常的快把15选1紧缩到了最多是7选1,起码的情况是1选1。别的,名词通过轻巧剖断单复数方式,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还是可以够更进一竿降低范围。同样,留心翻阅解题的关键照旧与大家重申的完全一样,找准定位,选项与原来的文章内容逐个比对,排除各种忧虑选项后,做对标题并不是很难。

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  Since the 1940s,southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  26。 M pollutants

  27。 N restricted

  28。 C consequence

  29。 J innovation

  30。 F detail

  31。 K intended

  32。 L outdoor

  33。 B collaborating

  34。 I inhabitants

  35。 E creating

  26。 答案M

  剖判:介词of后填名词,根据上下文语义,该空后为pollutants,污染物。

  27。 答案N

  剖判:固定搭配be restricted to,表示“只限于…,限制在…”。

  28。 答案C

  深入分析:空前不定冠词,空格填名词,固定搭配as a consequence,表示“由此”。

  29。 答案J

  深入分析:空前形容词,空格填名词,结合语义,为innovation,创新。

  30。 答案F

  分析:空前介词,空格填名词,固定搭配in detail,表示“详细地”。

  31。 答案K

  解析:固定搭配be intended to,表示“计划,意图”。

  32。 答案L

  解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填形容词,结合语义选拔outdoor,表示户外的。

  33。 答案B

  分析:结合时态和定位搭配collaborate with,表示“合营”。

  34。 答案I

  解析:空前全体格,空格填名词,结合语义,I选项inhabitants市民为不易选项。

  35。 答案E

  深入分析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填动词ing,结合语义,E选项科学。

  Section C

  第一套

  Directions: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements。 For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D)。 You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2with a single line through the centre。

  Passage One

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  46.A Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  深入分析:找到关键词 memory slips。对应到小说第一段But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。结合题干和最先的文章可见,纪念的小错误不要全部是愚钝的症状,而或然是由于年纪大。symptoms和signs为同一替换。顾答案选用A。

  47。 C Communication within our brain weakens。

  解析:遵照各类原则对应小说定位句是Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 答案与定位句同义,顾答案C。

  48。 A Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  分析:题干关键词,memory-related symptom以及take seriously。定位到But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。关键点在far more concerning故答案选取A。

  49。 A Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。

  深入分析:题干关键词为signs of memory loss。定位到尾数第二段率先句话Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认识的) reserve, Daffner says。故答案为A。

  50。 D Staying active both physically and mentally。

  剖析:题干关键词Dr Daffner’s advice ,memory loss。定位到小说最后一句。Dr Daffner’s adviceIn other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  第二套

  Passage One

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  46。 B) Add to their sustained happiness。

  剖析:依照入眼词“one study”定位到第一段 ,“Living in an urban area with green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people’s mental well-being, a study has suggested, UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive effect,” 选项B中的 sustained 原著再次出现,happiness是“well-being”的一致转化。

  47。 A) Earn more money。

  深入分析: 依据着重词“Dr。 White”和“happier”定位第一段,以及代词“he”代指Dr。 White,“There could be a number of reasons。” he said, “for example, people do many things to make themselves happier; they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married。” 选项“earn money”是对初稿“pay rises”是同样转换。

  48。 C) How long its positive effect lasts。

  分析:依照爱惜词“Dr。 White”和“find out”定位第二段 “Dr。 White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas has a lasting positive effect on people’s sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time。 ” 选项“positive effect lasts。” 是对初稿中的lasting positive effect的均等转化。

  49。 D) Their communication with others improved。

  深入分析:依据重大词“Dr。 White”和“reveal about ”定位第三段,“Explaining what the data revealed, ……He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less sensible decisions and communicated better。”选项D即对最终communicated better的等同转化。

  50。 A) Find financial support。

  分析:依据入眼词“government”定位最后一段“Dr。 惠特e said, “There’s growing interest among public policy officials, but the trouble is who funds it。 ”重申的“fund”即指“financial support”,A项科学。

  Passage Two

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。

  51。 C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  剖析:题干关键词the three Olympic class ships。遵照各样原则回最初的小说定位到第一段最终一句话 “All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。”珍视在but转折后,文意那三艘船就像都被诅咒遇到遭受祸患性的命局。顾答案接纳C.terrible misfortunes是 disastrous fates的大同小异转变。

  52。 B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  分析:题干大要白星航海运输集团在采办三艘船时思量到了怎样?定位句:“White Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious ships on the water。”想要他们成为水上最华侈的船。据此答案选取B。

  53。 A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  剖析:依照重视词 the fourth stack of the ships。定位到“but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 ”文意第八个栈有方法感然而从未有过别的功用性的用途。顾答案选拔A。

  54。 A) Their unscientific designs。

  深入分析:题干大假如怎么样或然导致了Titanic和Britannic的喜剧。定位到原作“they were all designed with double hulls (船体) believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic‘s and the Britannic’s tragic end。”顾采取A

  55。 D) She was retired after her naval service。

  分析:难点奥林匹克船最终爆发了哪些。定位句“伊芙ntually, she was taken out of service in 1934。”taken out of service和retired 同义词转变,故此选用D。

  Part Ⅲ Translation (30 minutes)

  全部评述:

  与近日几年的四级翻译真题相比较,本次的翻译真题难度相当低,重要表今后两上面:第一,翻译原题中词汇难度不大;第二,翻译原题中句式较为轻便。据此,对于备考四级的同室来讲,精通普通话和英语在句式、标点等方面包车型客车主干异同,是上学汉语翻译英、成功应对四级翻译的核心步骤。当然,假如期望在四级翻译中拿到高分,则须求不停聚积和增加波兰语词汇,极度是积存一些极具中华夏族民共和国特点的词汇的英译方法,如“外来务工人士”(migrant workers),“生活等级次序的滋长”(the improvement of living standards)等等。

  第一套

  过去,乘飞机出游对许多华夏人的话是莫名其妙的。近年来趁着经济的进步和生存水准的增长,越多的炎黄人包蕴过多老乡和外出务工人士都能乘飞机出游。他们能够乘飞机到达全体大城市,还也许有非常多都会也在筹建飞机场。航空服务不断立异,况且常常会有特价机票。这两日,节日假期日中间接选举用乘飞机飞往旅游的人再三追加。

  It was unimaginable for most Chinese people to travel by plane in the past。 However, at present, with the development in economy and the improvement in living standards, an increasing number of Chinese people, including farmers and migrant workers, choose to travel by plane because they can fly to all the major cities in China。 In the meanwhile, many other cities tend to prepare to build airports。 The service of airlines has been constantly improved, and air tickets are often available at a special discount。 As a result, there has been a constant rise in the number of tourists who travel by plane during holidays in recent years。

  逐句深入分析如下:

  第一句:

  过去,乘飞机出游对绝大比比较多中夏族民共和国人来讲是莫明其妙的。

  首先,注意时态。

  那句可用句型… was hard to imagine 或然 It was unimaginable for sb to do

  “乘飞机出行”可好好地译为travel by aeroplane, 当然,by plane也是没难点的。

  由此,那句能够译为:

  (1)Traveling by aeroplane was hard to imagine for most Chinese in the past。

  (2)It was unimaginable for most Chinese to travel by aeroplane in the past。

  鉴于格局主语It is adj。 for sb to do的句型越来越尖端,所以推举译文(2)。

  第二句:

  方今随着经济的腾飞和生活档案的次序的加强,越来越多的华夏人富含过多农夫和外出务工职员都能乘飞机骑行。

  词汇:生活品位:living standards

  农民:farmers 注:不可能译为peasants(peasant指未受过教育的、粗俗的庄稼汉)

  外出务工职员:migrant workers

  “随着…”可用伴随状语“with…”管理;

  “包涵 A and B”用介词短语“including A and B”管理。

  “更加的多的”第一种简易译法:more and more; 第三种表明“an increasing number of”,推荐用第二种。

  由此,那句能够译为:

  At present, with the development in economy and the improvement in living standards, an increasing number of Chinese people, including farmers and migrant workers, choose to travel by plane。

  若不会词汇“外出劳工人员”,可灵活管理为前置定语,”外出务工的”解释为“在外边办事的”,管理成定语从句,该短语译成“people who work outside/ in other cities”

  第三句:

  他们能够乘飞机达到全数大城市,还应该有相当多城郭也在筹建飞机场。

  从逻辑来看,第三句与第二句存在着因果关系,所以从小说的欧洲经济共同体衔接角度来看,可灵活的添上逻辑连接词。

  词汇:

  大城市 major cities

  筹建(筹备建设):prepare to build

  “乘飞机达到”可译为take the plane to reach… 只怕 reach… by plane

  正在筹建飞机场的“城市”相对于曾经有飞机场的“大城市”来讲,是相对相当的小的都会,翻译时可具体化,译为:minor cities

  考生须要注意,七个分句的交接须求最主旨的连接词。

  由此,那句可以译为:

  They can take the plane to reach all the major cities in China。 In the meanwhile, many minor cities tend to prepare to build airports。

  第四句:

  航空服务不断创新,何况日常会有特价机票。

  词汇:

  航空服务 the service of airlines

  特价机票 air tickets at a discount

  The service of airlines has been constantly improved, and air tickets are often available at a discount。

  翻译时需注意,“航空服务”与“革新”是被动关系。

  “会有特价机票”也可管理为被动句:air tickets at a discount are offered。

  第五句:

  这段时间,节假期里面选用乘飞机飞往巡游的人穿梭增添。

  主干:人数持续充实。

  能够用主谓句型 或许 there be句型。

  “节日假期日以内采用乘飞机飞往巡游的”译为定语从句。

  词汇:

  不断增加: constantly rise[v。] 或者 a constant rise[n。]

  因而,那句能够译为:

  (1)The number of tourists who travel by plane during the holidays has been constantly rising in recent years。

  (2) There has been a constant rise in the number of tourists who travel by plane during the holidays in recent years。

  鉴于there be的句型在这里越来越灵敏,所以推举译文(2)。

  鉴于翻译满分为15分(试卷根据满分100分总结),战绩分为多少个档期的顺序:13-15分、10-12分、7-9分、4-6分、1-3分和0分。各档期的顺序的评分标准具体如下:

  分数段布满 具体翻译表现

  13-15分 译文准确表达了初稿的情趣。用词贴切,行文流畅,基本上无可奈何言错误,只有各自小错。

  10-12分 译文基本上表明了初稿的情致。文字流畅、连贯,无重大语言错误。

  7-9分 译文勉强表达了初稿的意思。用词欠标准,语言错误比很多,当中有些是悲凉语言错误。

  4-6分 译文仅公布了一小部分原稿的意思。用词不正确,有一定多的惨恻语言错误。

  1-3分 译文支离破碎。除个别词语或句子,绝超过一半文字未有公布原来的书文意思。

  0分 未答复,或唯有几个孤立的词,或译文与最先的文章非亲非故。

  由于该篇翻译难度中等偏低,

  据此,以下翻译得分基本在9—10分之间:

  Traveling by plane was hard to imagine for most Chinese in the past。 At present, more and more Chinese people, including farmers and workers, choose to travel by plane。 They can take the plane to go to all large cities in China, and many other cities are preparing to build airports。 The service has been improved, and discounted tickets are offered。 In recent years, the number of people who travel by plane during the holidays has been increasing。

  这一评分标准细则和大旨合格翻译范文的显得表达,为了在最短的大运得到最佳可行的分数,四级考生们必得在最长期内,抓住最为主要的新闻实行实用翻译。换言之,对于基础较弱、翻译时间少于的考生来讲,则完全能够抛弃翻译细枝末节的繁杂新闻。

  第二套

  公共交通车曾是神州人骑行的显要交通工具。目前,由于私家车数量不断加多,城市的畅通难题越是严重。好些个都会为了激励更五人乘坐公共交通车骑行,一直在着力改正公交车的服务品质。车辆的器械不断更新,行车速度也可以有了引人注目加强。然则,公共交通车的票价却照旧至极平价。未来,在大好些个都市,多数本土年逾古稀城市市民都足以无需付费乘坐公共交通车。

  For Chinese people, the bus used to be the major means of transport。 Owing to the constant rise in the number of private cars in recent years, traffic problems in cities have accordingly become more and more severe。 Many cities have been making efforts to improve the service of public transport so as to encourage more people to travel by bus。 Thanks to the updating of facilities in the vehicle, its speed has been obviously increased。 However, the fare of the public transport is relatively low。 At present, in most cities, many senior citizens in local areas can take the bus for free。

  (第二版)

  Taking bus used to be the primary choice to travel for most Chinese people。 In recent years, the problem of traffic in cities is getting serious with the constantly-increasing number of private vehicles。 In many cities, services on buses have been improved with effort to get more people encouraged to take buses。 The facilities are continuously updated and the speed of buses has also been increased greatly。 However, by contrast, the ticket price is quite low。 Now, in most big cities, most of local senior citizens are allowed to take buses for free。

  逐句分析如下:

  第一句:

  公交车曾是华夏人出游的要紧交通工具。

  那句话是第一级的主系表结构,主干为公共交通车是通行工具。要注意时态,“曾”声明是形似过去时。“中中原人民共和国人外出”表示对象,用介词结构表达。

  词汇:重要交通工具:the major means of transport

  此句词汇部分相比难,交通工具也能够写成vehicle,能得到基本分。

  全句翻译:For Chinese people, the bus used to be the major means of transport。

  第二句:

  那二日,由于私家车数量持续加多,城市的畅通难点尤为严重。

  那句话“由于”三个字,为案由状语,用A of B的构造翻译;主句“城市的交通难点进一步严重”用more and more结构。此句“近日”作为时间状语,放到句子主干最后,尽管放在句首必定要用逗号隔离。

  词汇:私家车:private cars

  词汇:不断充实:constant rise

  全句翻译:Owing to the constant rise in the number of private cars in recent years, traffic problems in cities have accordingly become more and more severe。

  第三句:

  好些个都会为了慰勉更多少人乘坐公交车骑行,一直在奋力革新公共交通车的劳务品质。

  那句话中“为了”一句表示指标状语,主句中有四个动词“努力”和“改正”,能够拍卖成不定式表指标状语的款式。要留神此句时态,“一贯”二字用前几日完结举办时相比妥当。

  词汇:服务质量:service

  品质一词没有须求翻出

  词汇:努力:try to/make efforts

  全句翻译:Many cities have been making efforts to improve the service of public transport so as to encourage more people to travel by bus。

  第四句:

  车辆的设备不断更新,车速也是有了鲜明巩固。

  那句话要静心两句轻便句的串联,两句呈因果关系。“车辆的装置不断更新”用A of B结构表明。

  词汇:设施:facility

  词汇:更新:update

  词汇:显著:obviously

  全句翻译:Thanks to the updating of facilities in the vehicle, its speed has been obviously increased。

  第五句:

  可是,公共交通车的票价却依然拾叁分平价。

  这句话注意补词,“依旧”后边少了个“是”,所以此句依旧是常考的主系表结构。此句要潜心,那是二个相比较结构,省略了背后比较的指标,句子补充完整应为“和私家车比较,公共交通车的票价却还是十三分实惠。”

  词汇:票价:fare

  词汇:相当:relatively

  全句翻译:However, the fare of the public transport is relatively low compared with that of private cars。

  第六句:

  未来,在大多城市,许多本地老年城市居民都得以无偿乘坐公共交通车。

  这句话中时间状语和地点状语都位于最前头,翻译成丹麦语时一旦放在句子最前方必需求用逗号隔开。

  词汇:当地年逾古稀市民:senior/old/elderly citizens in the local areas

  词汇:免费:free of charge/free

  全句翻译:At present, in most of the cities, many senior citizens in the local areas can take the bus free of charge。

  鉴于翻译满分为15分(试卷依照满分100分总结),战表分为四个档期的顺序:13-15分、10-12分、7-9分、4-6分、1-3分和0分。各档次的评分规范具体如下:

  分数段布满 具体翻译表现

  13-15分 译文正确表明了初稿的意趣。用词贴切,行文流畅,基本上无助言错误,唯有个别小错。

  10-12分 译文基本上表明了初稿的意趣。文字流畅、连贯,无重要语言错误。

  7-9分 译文勉强表达了初稿的情趣。用词欠规范,语言错误非常多,当中有个别是严重语言错误。

  4-6分 译文仅发布了一小部分原稿的情趣。用词不准确,有一定多的深重语言错误。

  1-3分 译文体无完皮。除个别词语或句子,绝大部分文字未有表明最先的文章意思。

  0分 未回复,或独有多少个孤立的词,或译文与原来的书文非亲非故。

  据此,以下翻译得分基本在7—10分时期:

  Buses used to be the main vehicle for Chinese people。 In recent years, due to the increasing number of private cars, the traffic problems in cities have become more and more serious。 In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have tried to improve the service quality of buses。 The vehicles are increasingly updated and the speed of the vehicles is also increased。 However, the price is still quite low。 Nowadays, in most cities, many old people can take buses for free。

  这一评分规范细则和基本合格翻译范文的显得表明,为了在最短的时间获得最棒有效的分数,四级考生们必得在最长期内,抓住最为主要的音讯进行有效翻译。换言之,对于基础较弱、翻译时间有限的考生来讲,则完全能够丢弃翻译细枝末节的头昏眼花消息。

  来源:新东方

  笔者:德班新东方

  写作组:王雅洁,印含洋 听力组:马迅,陈瑾,管丽君 阅读组:姜颖,孙悦,吴紫芯 翻译组:雷彤,黄紫晶,王玲燕先生

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